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So this is more for asking if somebody would like one, rather than if they are currently drinking one? The word selection answer would have implied to me the opposite I am an English teacher and Englishwoman. We ask: Do you want a cup of tea? If the sentence was "voce bebe um cha? Otherwise, it seems to me the correct question to match up with the correct answer would be "voce bebe cha? This phrase doesn't sound natural from a British or from an American point of view.

I've lived in London and in the US. I've heard people ask "Do you drink tea? While 'You drink a tea' was marked as correct, I don't know of it as a common word to say in English, or at least in that way. So, duolingo guys please make "Do you drink a cup of tea? It hurts my ears to say "Do you drink a tea? You could say "Are you drinking a tea? But even then, it would be more common in my American English to leave out "a". It is not common. But it can be correct English.

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Here are two examples: "How do you consume sassafras root? Do you drink a tea? You grind up the root and steep it? You drink a tea??? You can't say 'do you drink a tea' it doesn't make sense in English. Will you drink a tea would seem to be the best translation. Yep, in England you have to have the cup for ordinary black tea, but strangely enough it doesn't apply to herbal teas, so you could ask if someone would like a mint tea for example, otherwise it is a 'cuppa' You guys are just going to have to accept that the grammar in Portuguese it's different from the grammar in English.

There are going to be many differences that do not make sense if you compare it to English grammar but you're just going to have to accept that a different language with different grammatical rules. In my opinion, this translation is just plain wrong. Google translate agrees with me. Duolingo is riddled with errors like this. My guess is that these sentences are machine generated.

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They suffer from the same defects as spell checkers, expect that these are worse. Google Translate makes errors too, you know. I regularly use 3 translators -- Babylon, Google, Microsoft -- and they often disagree with each other. The best translator is the human mind. The mesoclitic placement of pronouns between the verb stem and its inflection suffix is viewed as archaic in BP, and therefore is restricted to very formal situations or stylistic texts.

There are many differences between formal written BP and EP that are simply a matter of different preferences between two alternative words or constructions that are both officially valid and acceptable. Also, spoken BP usually uses the verb ter "own", "have", sense of possession and rarely haver "have", sense of existence, or "there to be" , especially as an auxiliary as it can be seen above and as a verb of existence.

In many ways, Brazilian Portuguese BP is conservative in its phonology. Brazilian Portuguese has eight oral vowels, five nasal vowels, and several diphthongs and triphthongs , some oral and some nasal. The reduction of vowels is one of the main phonetic characteristics of Portuguese generally, but in Brazilian Portuguese the intensity and frequency of that phenomenon varies significantly. Vowels in Brazilian Portuguese generally are pronounced more openly than in European Portuguese, even when reduced.

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Some dialects of BP follow this pattern for vowels before the stressed syllable as well. The main difference among the dialects of Brazilian Portuguese is the frequent presence or absence of open vowels in unstressed syllables. Open-mid vowels can occur only in the stressed syllable. Vowel nasalization in some dialects of Brazilian Portuguese is very different from that of French, for example. In French, the nasalization extends uniformly through the entire vowel, whereas in the Southern-Southeastern dialects of Brazilian Portuguese, the nasalization begins almost imperceptibly and then becomes stronger toward the end of the vowel.

In this respect it is more similar to the nasalization of Hindi-Urdu see Anusvara. It has always been standard in Brazil's Japanese community since it is also a feature of Japanese. The regions that still preserve the unpalatalized [ti] and [di] are mostly in the Northeast and South of Brazil by the stronger influence from European Portuguese Northeast , and from Italian and Argentine Spanish South [ citation needed ].

This—along with other adaptations—sometimes results in rather striking transformations of common loanwords. The same suppression also happens occasionally in EP, but much less often than in BP. That sometimes affects the spelling of words. Related is the difference in pronunciation of the consonant represented by nh in most BP dialects. Several sound changes that affected Portuguese words were not shared by BP.

Whether such a change happens in BP is highly variable according to dialect. In the Northeast, it is more likely to happen before a consonant than word-finally, and it varies from region to region. There are many dialect-specific phonetic aspects in BP that can be essential characteristics of a dialect or another in Brazil. There are various differences between European Portuguese and Brazilian Portuguese, such as the dropping of the second-person conjugations and, in some dialects, of the second-person pronoun itself in everyday usage and the use of subject pronouns ele, ela, eles, elas as direct objects.


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Spoken Brazilian Portuguese usage differs from Standard Portuguese usage. The differences include the placement of clitic pronouns and, in Brazil, the use of subject pronouns as objects in the third person. Nonstandard verb inflections are also common in colloquial Brazilian Portuguese. Spoken Portuguese rarely uses the affirmation adverb sim "yes" in informal speech. Instead, the usual reply is a repetition of the verb of the question. If a longer answer is preferred. Standard Portuguese forms a command according to the grammatical person of the subject who is ordered to do the action by using either the imperative form of the verb or the present subjunctive.

The negative command forms use the subjunctive present tense forms of the verb. However, as for the second person forms, Brazilian Portuguese traditionally does not use the subjunctive-derived ones in spoken language. Also, other forms such as teu possessive , ti postprepositional , and contigo "with you" are still common in most regions of Brazil, especially in areas in which tu is still frequent. Most Brazilians who use tu use it with the third-person verb: tu vai ao banco.

A few cities in Rio Grande do Sul but in the rest of the state speakers may or may not use it in more formal speech , mainly near the border with Uruguay , have a slightly different pronunciation in some instances tu vieste becomes tu viesse , which is also present in Santa Catarina and Pernambuco. In spoken informal registers of BP, the third-person object pronouns 'o', 'a', 'os', and 'as' are virtually nonexistent and are simply left out or, when necessary and usually only when referring to people, replaced by stressed subject pronouns like ele "he" or isso "that": Eu vi ele "I saw him" rather than Eu o vi.

If no ambiguity could arise especially in narrative texts , seu is also used to mean 'his' or 'her'. In Portuguese, one may or may not include the definite article before a possessive pronoun meu livro or o meu livro , for instance. The variants of use in each dialect of Portuguese are mostly a matter of preference: it does not usually mean a dialect completely abandoned either form.

Formal written Brazilian Portuguese tends, however, to omit the definite article in accordance with prescriptive grammar rules derived from Classical Portuguese even if the alternative form is also considered correct, but many teachers consider it inelegant. Some of the examples on the right side of the table below are colloquial or regional in Brazil. Literal translations are provided to illustrate how word order changes between varieties. Word order in the first Brazilian Portuguese example is frequent in European Portuguese.

Similar to the subordinate clauses like Sabes que eu te amo "You know that I love you ", but not in simple sentences like "I love you. The example in the bottom row of the table, with its deletion of "redundant" inflections, is considered ungrammatical, but it is nonetheless dominant in Brazil throughout all social classes. Chamar 'call' is normally used with the preposition de in BP, especially when it means 'to describe someone as':. When movement to a place is described, BP uses em contracted with an article, if necessary :. In BP, the preposition para can also be used with such verbs with no difference in meaning:.

According to some contemporary Brazilian linguists Bortoni, Kato, Mattos e Silva, Perini and most recently, with great impact, Bagno , Brazilian Portuguese may be a highly diglossic language. This theory claims that there is an L-variant termed "Brazilian Vernacular" , which would be the mother tongue of all Brazilians, and an H-variant standard Brazilian Portuguese acquired through schooling.

L-variant represents a simplified form of the language in terms of grammar, but not of phonetics that could have evolved from 16th-century Portuguese, influenced by Amerindian mostly Tupi and African languages , while H-variant would be based on 19th-century European Portuguese and very similar to Standard European Portuguese, with only minor differences in spelling and grammar usage. Perini, a Brazilian linguist, even compares the depth of the differences between L- and H- variants of Brazilian Portuguese with those between Standard Spanish and European Portuguese. However, his proposal is not widely accepted by either grammarians or academics.

Milton M. Azevedo wrote a chapter on diglossia in his monograph: Portuguese language A linguistic introduction , published by Cambridge University Press in From this point of view, the L-variant is the spoken form of Brazilian Portuguese, which should be avoided only in very formal speech court interrogation, political debate while the H-variant is the written form of Brazilian Portuguese, avoided only in informal writing such as songs lyrics, love letters, intimate friends correspondence.

Even language professors frequently use the L-variant while explaining students the structure and usage of the H-variant; in essays, nevertheless, all students are expected to use H-variant. There is a claim that the H-variant used to be preferred when dubbing foreign films and series into Brazilian Portuguese, [ citation needed ] but nowadays the L-variant is preferred, although this seems to lack evidence.

Movie subtitles normally use a mixture of L- and H-variants, but remain closer to the H-variant. Most literary works are written in the H-variant. Still, many contemporary writers like using the H-variant even in informal dialogue.


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  • This is also true of translated books, which never use the L-variant, only the H one. Children's books seem to be more L-friendly, but, again, if they are translated from another language The Little Prince , for instance they will use the H-variant only. This theory also posits that the matter of diglossia in Brazil is further complicated by forces of political and cultural bias, though those are not clearly named.

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    Language is sometimes a tool of social exclusion or social choice. According to Bagno the two variants coexist and intermingle quite seamlessly, but their status is not clear-cut. Brazilian Vernacular is still frowned upon by most grammarians and language teachers, with only remarkably few linguists championing its cause. Some of this minority, of which Bagno is an example, appeal to their readers by their ideas that grammarians would be detractors of the termed Brazilian Vernacular, by naming it a "corrupt" form of the "pure" standard, an attitude which they classify as "linguistic prejudice".

    Their arguments include the postulate that the Vernacular form simplifies some of the intricacies of standard Portuguese verbal conjugation, pronoun handling, plural forms, etc. Whether Bagno's points are valid or not is open to debate, especially the solutions he recommends for the problems he claims to have identified. Whereas some agree that he has captured the feelings of the Brazilians towards Brazil's linguistic situation well, his book Linguistic Prejudice: What it Is, What To Do has been heavily criticized by some linguists and grammarians, due to his unorthodox claims, sometimes asserted to be biased or unproven.

    The cultural influence of Brazilian Portuguese in the rest of the Portuguese-speaking world has greatly increased in the last decades of the 20th century, due to the popularity of Brazilian music and Brazilian soap operas. Since Brazil joined Mercosul , the South American free trade zone, Portuguese has been increasingly studied as a foreign language in Spanish-speaking partner countries. Many words of Brazilian origin also used in other Portuguese-speaking countries have also entered into English : samba , bossa nova , cruzeiro , milreis and capoeira.

    While originally Angolan, the word "samba" only became famous worldwide because of its popularity in Brazil.

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    After independence in , Brazilian idioms with African and Amerindian influences were brought to Portugal by returning Portuguese Brazilians luso-brasileiros in Portuguese. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For Brazilians of Portuguese descent, see Portuguese Brazilians. Language family. Further information: Reforms of Portuguese orthography. Main article: Portuguese personal pronouns. See also: Portuguese personal pronouns. Brazil portal Languages portal. Retrieved 31 August Glottolog 3. IANA language subtag registry. Retrieved 11 January SIL International. Retrieved 6 June Correio Braziliense.

    Archived from the original on 15 December Retrieved 23 July Irineu da Silva Ferraz. Leite, Yonne. Jorge Zahar Editora , p. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved Archived from the original PDF on XXXV : — Revista de Estudos da Linguagem in Portuguese. Retrieved 27 November Archived from the original on 19 April Saindo da Matrix. Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 22 December Languages of Brazil.

    Amawaka Kashinawa Shipibo Yaminawa. Brazilian Sign Ka'apor Sign. Portuguese dialects.