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Cole, Tania M. Hahn, Deva F. Editor: Erik Kooper. In the summer of the third international conference on the medieval chronicle was held, again in the vicinity of Utrecht, the Netherlands. There are several reasons why the chronicle is particularly suited as the topic of an international conference. In the first place there is its ubiquity: all over Europe and throughout the Middle Ages chronicles were written, both in Latin and in the vernacular, and not only in Europe but also in the countries neighbouring on it, like those of the Arabic world.
The New International Encyclopædia/Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von
Secondly, all chronicles raise such questions as by whom, for whom, or for what purpose were they written, how do they reconstruct the past, what determined the choice of verse or prose, or what kind of literary influences are discernable in them. Finally, many chronicles have been beautifully illuminated, and the relation between text and image leads to a wholly different set of questions.
This third volume of conference papers again aims to provide a representative survey of the on-going research in the field of chronicle studies, illustrated by examples from specific chronicles from a wide variety of countries, periods and cultural backgrounds. An early version of the work, unpublished during Goethe's lifetime, was discovered in the early twentieth century, and published under the title Wilhelm Meister's Theatrical Calling Wilhelm Meisters theatralische Sendung. When the Apprenticeship was completed in the mids, it was to a great extent through the encouragement and criticism of Goethe's close friend and collaborator Friedrich Schiller that it took its final shape.
Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre " Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years " , the sequel to the Apprenticeship , was already planned in the s, but did not appear in its first edition until , and in its final form until Further books patterned after this novel have been called Bildungsroman "novels of formation" , despite the fact that Wilhelm's " Bildung " "education", or "formation of character" is ironized by the narrator at many points.
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The novel has had a significant impact on European literature. Romantic critic and theorist Friedrich Schlegel judged it to be of comparable importance for its age to the French Revolution and the philosophy of Johann Gottlieb Fichte. Arthur Schopenhauer cited Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship as one of the four greatest novels ever written. Arguing against chasing transient pleasures, Schopenhauer says, "Where we were looking for pleasure, happiness and joy, we often find instruction, insight and knowledge, a lasting and real benefit in place of a fleeting one.
This idea runs like a bass-note through Goethe's Wilhelm Meister; for this is an intellectual novel and is of a higher order than the rest. Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship provided the text for many lieder , among others by Beethoven , for example Sehnsucht: Gedicht von Goethe viermal in Musik gesetzt von L. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. The Independent. Retrieved 24 April The Essays of Arthur Schopenhauer.
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